Nutrition Unscrambled Blog

Dietary patterns that limit refined carbohydrate show promise for reducing risk of type-2 diabetes.

In addition to important lifestyle factors including weight loss and physical activity, progress is being made to understand how food choices help manage risk factors for type-2 diabetes (T2D). The current state of the evidence supporting how nutrients and foods contribute to T2D risk was recently reviewed in a paper published in the Journal of …

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Higher protein diets associated with cardiometabolic advantages.

Men and women with greater dietary protein intakes were more likely to have lower body mass index and waist circumference, and higher HDL-cholesterol. A cross-sectional study of over 23,000 adults from the NHANES, 2001-2010, examined usual protein intakes [expressed as g/kg body weight (BW) per day], and trends for associations with cardiometabolic risk factors including …

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“I can eat 50 eggs…” [pause] “Nobody can eat 50 eggs!”

An entertaining and informative perspective on eggs and health originally Tweeted by Dr. Stuart Phillips on May 1, 2015. “I can eat 50 eggs…” [pause] “Nobody can eat 50 eggs!” It’s a classic scene (http://bit.ly/1QTeYlM) from a classic movie and if you’ve never seen Cool Hand Luke starring Paul Newman (among others) is a great …

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Does eating smaller, frequent meals or snacks of nutrient dense foods help manage weight?

Confusing nutrition messages are often linked to timing of meals and types of foods, but struggling consumers can take action by eating nutritious choices relatively more frequently and earlier in the day.  Ghadeer Aljuraiban and research colleagues summarized cross-sectional associations between both the frequency and the time of eating, to energy density, nutrient quality (using the …

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High Protein Breakfast Benefits May Depend on Breakfast Habits

If the effects of breakfast last beyond lunch, it may be influenced by not only the composition of breakfast consumed that day, but also usual breakfast habits.  Does breakfast improve health? To understand this further, our research team at the University of Missouri tested whether high protein breakfast (40% of energy protein, 40% carbohydrate) compared …

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Are vitamin D levels over-screened and supplements over-prescribed?

Skeptics advocate for caution until large-scale studies in progress on vitamin D supplementation are completed. Vitamin D is essential for calcium absorption and bone health, as summarized by the Institute of Medicine (IOM, 2011).  Moreover, vitamin D is currently being evaluated for a wide-range of health benefits. At this time, “Many primary care clinicians now …

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Do eggs affect cardiovascular risk factors among those with type 2 diabetes?

The role of eggs in diets of persons living with type 2 diabetes (T2D) is an area of active debate and may depend on the overall diet pattern.  An Australian research team (Fuller, 2015) recently evaluated whether people with T2D might benefit from egg consumption citing eggs as,  “a nutritious and convenient way of improving …

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Higher egg consumption protective of diabetes incidence in middle age men.

Higher egg intake was associated with reduced incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Finnish men studied for 20 years. New results were just published from the Kuopio heart study in eastern Finland (Virtanen, 2015). In this prospective cohort study, over 2,000 men between the ages of 42-60 years were randomly selected to participate in …

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Fat soluble bioactives in egg yolk show anti-inflammatory potential.

Is the unique combination of vitamins, carotenoids and phospholipids in egg yolks inflammatory protective? Eggs are an example of a food that is naturally health promoting, despite containing a moderate amount of saturated fat, due to a combination of balancing bioactive components in the yolk. Researchers at Ohio State University were interested in understanding various …

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Eggs improve carotenoid value of raw vegetables.

Eggs offer potential to improve the nutritive value of a salad, in more than one way. Egg yolk is among the few commonly consumed foods containing the carotenoid lutein and its stereoisomer zeaxanthin. Spinach and other dark leafy greens may have a higher content per serving, but lutein/zeaxanthin is absorbed and utilized better from egg …

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